# How to calculate Net Income?

Net income is one of the most commonly used financial metrics to measure a company’s profitability. We get the net income by subtracting all expenses from total revenue. Net income, in general, refers to how much money a business has left over after paying off their operating costs and taxes.

### What is the formula for Net Income?

Let us have a look at how to calculate Net Income using the Net Income formula:

1. Net income is the difference between a company’s total revenue and its total expenses

2. The net income formula can be written as follows, where “net” refers to net profit or loss, “revenue” refers to sales less any returns or allowances for damaged goods, and “expenses” refer to all costs of doing business other than cost of goods sold (COGS):

3. Net Income = Revenue – Expenses

4. For example, if Company A has \$500 in revenue and \$400 in expenses then its net income would be \$100 (\$500-\$400). If Company B had \$200 in revenue but also incurred an expense of \$300 then it would have a negative net income of -\$100 (\$200-\$300)

5. To calculate the annual rate of return on investment (ROI), divide the amount earned by the amount invested over a period of time such as one year

6. ROI = Amount Earned / Amount Invested * 100%

### Is profit same as net income?

In business, the word profit often refers to net income. However, there are other ways that a company may generate profits. It is expressed in different financial statements such as earnings before taxes or operating profits.

### What is the difference between gross income and net income?

Gross income refers to all the money you make from wages, interest, dividends, or any other form of revenue. Net income is what we have after deductions like taxes and business expenses.

### Is net income before or after tax?

Net income before tax is a company’s total earnings minus any deductions, for example interest expenses. Net income after tax refers to the net amount of money that a company receives from its operations. It includes all revenue (sales) less all operating costs such as materials, supplies, employee salaries and benefits, rent or mortgage payments on property owned by the organization etc.

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